President Rouhani: US Return to N. Deal Needs No Renegotiation
TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said that US President-elect Joe Biden can return to the nuclear deal and implement its undertakings in a very short time similar to President Donald Trump's rush to exit the agreement, stressing that no renegotiation on the internationally-endorsed agreement is needed.
“Whenever the 5+1 or 4+1 fulfill all the obligations, we will return to all our obligations. It does not take time at all to go back to the past; it just needs will. How did the nuclear deal’s leg was broken? The illiterate businessman (Trump) scribbled a piece of paper and said that he has left the nuclear deal. All right, now the next person (president) can come and bring a good piece of paper and sign it. Requires a signature. It does not require time and negotiation at all,” President Rouhani said, addressing a cabinet meeting in Tehran on Wednesday.
He referred to different problems created for Iran by the US sanctions, and said, “Of course, any (coronavirus) vaccine we want to buy, we have to send a hundred curses to Trump.”
“They have created so many problems and what could be solved with a phone we have to deal with for weeks and months. These people who are in the White House and are spending their last days are so evil that they did not show mercy to the health of people, the old men and the disabled. They have committed the most corrupt behaviors,” President Rouhani said.
He also lashed out at the European states for defying their undertakings under the nuclear deal, and said Iran’s decision to install IR2M centrifuges at Natanz is no new move and is in line with Iran’s already declared decision to decrease its nuclear deal undertakings in response to the other sides’ disloyalty.
“We have always said that we will do something reversible. We can launch 10,000 centrifuges but whenever we want, we will turn them off one hour or half an hour later,” President Rouhani underlined.
Iranian Government Spokesman Ali Rabiyee had also on Tuesday underlined the need for Washington to remove the sanctions on his nation for rejoining the nuclear deal, saying that Tehran will not participate in any meeting to renegotiate the internationally-endorsed agreement.
“We expect the US to reverse all the destructive trends as quickly as Trump did, and without any preconditions. The next US administration knows very well what it should do to reassure Iran and what harmful actions it can avoid that could harm diplomacy. Substantially, it is not possible to consider new negotiations until the US returns to the point where it has departed from its undertakings,” Rabiyee told reporters in a press conference.
“In our view, the negotiations on the nuclear deal are over and there are no plans for new negotiations that need to be restructured. The only thing left today is the return of all parties to their undertakings under the agreement, and this is not a complicated issue,” he added.
Rabiyee also welcomed Japan’s proposal to play a more effective role in any possible talks between Iran and the western states.
Elsewhere, he referred to Iran’s installation of new centrifuges in Natanz nuclear site under the supervision of the UN nuclear watchdog, and said, “Iran's move to install 500 centrifuges in Natanz had long been anticipated in line with the (declared) reduction of its nuclear deal undertakings parallel with the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal.”
Rabiyee said that the new centrifuges are of IR2M type and enjoy 6 times more power for enrichment.
In relevant remarks on Monday, Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh reiterated his country’s opposition to renegotiating the nuclear deal, saying that any change in its form or content will kill the internationally-endorsed agreement.
“All those familiar with the international laws know that Iran will not do renegotiation on something which has been negotiated before and the resolution 2231 will not change by these remarks,” Khatibzadeh told reporters in a video conference in reference to German officials’ comments on negotiations on a new nuclear deal.
“The nuclear deal is something related to the past and has been negotiated and it has had its own pros and cons and the points in it have been considered precisely and it has been sealed and any change in its form and content means the end of the nuclear deal,” the spokesman said.
He expressed the hope that Europe would understand its position and capacities, noting that the European countries were the parties that have defied their nuclear deal undertakings.
“We expect them to show heed to the realities and realize that Iran neither negotiates nor compromises on its national security,” Khatibzadeh said.
Asked about the Saudi and Bahraini officials’ demand for partnership in any possible negotiations between the US and Iran, he said, “These countries should know their position and their position is clear in the international relations and regional arrangements and they should know their limits and speak to that extent.”
US President Donald Trump, a stern critic of the historic deal, unilaterally pulled Washington out of the JCPOA in May 2018, and unleashed the “toughest ever” sanctions against the Islamic Republic in defiance of global criticism in an attempt to strangle the Iranian oil trade, but to no avail since its "so-called maximum pressure policy" has failed to push Tehran to the negotiating table.
In response to the US’ unilateral move, Tehran has so far rowed back on its nuclear commitments four times in compliance with Articles 26 and 36 of the JCPOA, but stressed that its retaliatory measures will be reversible as soon as Europe finds practical ways to shield the mutual trade from the US sanctions.
Tehran has particularly been disappointed with failure of the three European signatories to the JCPOA -- Britain, France and Germany -- to protect its business interests under the deal after the United States' withdrawal.
On January 5, Iran took a final step in reducing its commitments, and said it would no longer observe any operational limitations on its nuclear industry, whether concerning the capacity and level of uranium enrichment, the volume of stockpiled uranium or research and development.
Meantime, US President-elect Joe Biden has recently said in a CNN article that he wants a renegotiation of the contents of the deal before he agrees to rejoin the agreement.
“I will offer Tehran a credible path back to diplomacy. If Iran returns to strict compliance with the nuclear deal, the United States would rejoin the agreement as a starting point for follow-on negotiations. With our allies, we will work to strengthen and extend the nuclear deal's provisions, while also addressing other issues of concern,” he wrote, mentioning that he wants changes to the contents of the nuclear deal and guarantees from Tehran that it would be open for compromise to strike multiple deals over its missile and regional powers as well as a number of other issues that have been the bones of contention between the two sides in the last four decades.
In response, Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif had stressed that the US has violated the nuclear deal and is in no position to ask for any conditions for its return to the JCPOA, adding that it's Tehran that has its own terms to allow the US back into the internationally endorsed agreement.
The foreign minister has reiterated time and again that Tehran would not change even a single word of the agreement, and cautioned the US that it needs to pay reparations for the damage it has inflicted on Iran through its retreat from the nuclear agreement and give enough ensurances that it would not go for initiating the trigger mechanism again before it could get back to the deal.