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Politics
2022-January-17  20:33

Senior Analyst: Western Pressures to Set Deadline for Vienna Talks Meant to Prevent Establishment of Verification Mechanism

TEHRAN (FNA)- The western states participating in the Vienna talks are attempting to set a deadline for the Vienna talks with Iran to block the country’s efforts to establish a mechanism for verification and guarantees, a senior political and foreign policy analyst said.

The Western powers attempt to set a deadline for the Vienna talks in order to force Iran to stop pursuing verification mechanism on implementation of any future agreement and accept an interim deal, Seyed Mostafa Khoshcheshm said on Monday.

He added that the European and American sides involved in the talks in Vienna, Austria, speak of a deadline, but on the other hand, they reject Iranians' initiatives and demands on verification of future moves and assurances for removal of the anti-Iran sanctions without presenting any proposal of their own.

The Western parties seek to waste the time to approach their self-declared deadline in a bid to pressure the Iranian negotiating team to abandon their efforts to develop and establish a comprehensive mechanism for verification and assurances, the expert said.

The foreign policy analyst also underlined that the Islamic Republic will not recognize any deadline to make sure that the verification and assurances mechanisms are properly articulated and confirmed.

Regarding the increase of political and media pressures on the Iranian delegation in Vienna, Khoshcheshm said that the Western sides dropped pressures for a short period, but as it was expected, they exacerbated propaganda campaign, threats, and blame game when it came to negotiating challenging issues.

He added that the US labors hard to disarm the Islamic Republic of its main leverage, which is the uranium enrichment at 60 percent level, in pursuit of a deal without a practical system of verifications and guarantees or, if not possible, an interim deal, but Tehran seeks a reliable and lasting agreement and it may not will not abandon this leverage.

The G4+1 group (Britain, France, Russia, China plus Germany) have not proposed any temporary agreement in the Vienna talks so far, Khoshcheshm said, noting that some Western media propagate such a weird issue because they want a potential agreement that lacks pragmatism and verification mechanism.

He referred to the Iranian officials' tours to the regional states, and argued that expansion of ties with other countries, specially China and Russia will affect the Vienna talks indirectly because the Islamic Republic can lessen the impacts of the US illegal and cruel sanctions and increase the Iranians' bargaining power in the negotiations.

The regional states have also come to the conclusion that West Asia is experiencing a new order amid the US withdrawal from the region, Khoshcheshm said, adding that given the fact that the Islamic Republic will be more powerful in the future, the neighboring and regional countries want to expand their ties with Iran.

Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said on Monday that certain important issues have still remained unresolved in Vienna talks between Tehran and the world powers and their solution requires Washington's political resolve and decision-making.

What remained in negotiations are key issues that require the adoption of specific political decisions, specially by the US, Khatibzadeh told reporters in his weekly press conference in Tehran.

Regarding the latest situation of Vienna talks, he said that the chief negotiators of the delegations have returned to their capitals for a break for more consultations.

What remained in negotiations are key issues that may require special political decisions by the US in particular in order to announce their decisions on the removal of sanctions and remaining issues that some of which are serious, Khatibzadeh added.

Iran and the remaining parties to the JCPOA – Russia, China, France, Britain, and Germany – have been holding talks in the Austrian capital since April last year. The focus of the talks has been on the removal of all sanctions that the United States re-imposed on Iran following its withdrawal from the deal.

On Friday evening, the eighth round of the Vienna talks was paused so that the negotiators could return to their respective capitals for consultations. They are expected to return to the negotiating table after two days.

Throughout the talks, Tehran has made clear that the US, as the only country that has left the JCPOA, is responsible for the status quo, and therefore, it needs to take the initial step by removing all of the sanctions that it imposed after withdrawing from the deal in May 2018.

The Islamic Republic has also criticized the US and its European allies for paying lip service to safeguarding Iran’s economic dividends, as foreseen in the JCPOA, and for their unconstructive attitude during the Vienna talks.

On Friday, Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir Abdollahian noted a “contradiction” in the Western parties’ conduct, saying that reaching a “good agreement in the shortest time possible” would only depend on them.

“The conduct of Westerners compared to their statements that they are concerned and are in a hurry shows that there is a contradiction in their behaviors and remarks,” Amir Abdollahian said on Friday, while on a high-profile visit to China.

“I would like to loudly declare that the Islamic Republic of Iran welcomes reaching a good agreement as soon as possible, but this would depend on the Western side,” he added.

Amir Abdollahian had also in November in a phone conversation with his German counterpart Heiko Maas blamed Washington for the problems and non-implementation of the nuclear deal.

The US government is the main culprit in creating current situation in JCPOA-related issues, Amir Abdollahian said during the phone talks initiated by Maas.

The US government's withdrawal from the JCPOA in May 2018 and the inaction of three European countries involved in nuclear talks, including Britain, France and Germany, has increased distrust significantly, he added. 

Therefore, complete lifting of sanctions imposed against Iran is a need, Amir Abdollahian underlined.

He also stressed the need for the European parties to refrain from making provocative remarks, noting that use of the language of force and threats by the US on nuclear talks cannot help solve problems and any inaccurate and untrue comments could jeopardize ongoing efforts.

Maas, for his part, said that Berlin understands Iran's distrust of the other sides, adding that Germany will do its best to bring the US back to the JCPOA.